# How to Create a Basic Spreadsheet Using Numbers

Difficulty:BeginnerLength:ShortLanguages:

Numbers, along with the rest of iWork, has recently undergone a complete overhaul that boasts a brand new design, iCloud synchronisation and much more. Additionally, Apple is now giving away its productivity suite for free with every qualifying Mac, in addition to a free upgrade for all existing users, making iWork accessible to all.

In this tutorial, I will show you how to create a basic spreadsheet using Numbers and format it to your specification.

## Numbers Explained

Numbers is an Apple-developed spreadsheet application that is packaged as part of iWork. With Numbers, you can create powerful spreadsheets using a variety of templates which can be wirelessly transferred between iDevices via iCloud or exported to a different format and shared with your colleagues.

Numbers '13 is currently available to purchase for £13.99 in the App Store, and comes free of charge with every Mac purchased after 1st October 2013.

Let's kickstart this tutorial by launching Numbers and creating a new spreadsheet.

### Step 1: Launch Numbers

Click the Numbers icon in the Dock.

### Step 2: Choose a Template

Select a template from the list and then click Choose. For the purpose of this tutorial, I have chosen Blank.

## Insert Data

For this tutorial, I am going to enter example data into my spreadsheet displaying the grades of several students over a three-year period. I am then going to calculate each student's average grade during this period of time, along with their grade total.

Insert the data into your spreadsheet by selecting a cell of your choice and entering a value. Continue until all data has been entered.

## Calculate Values

Now, it is time to calculate the average grade of each student, as well as their grade total. Let's start by calculating the average grade using a simple formula: =AVERAGE(B7:D7).

Enter a heading (optional) and then highlight a cell in the appropriate column.

Click Function and then select Average.

Double-click your chosen cell to display the Formula Editor and then hold the Command key on your keyboard whilst highlighting the data you wish to calculate. For example, I have highlighted cell B7, C7 and D7 to work out the average grade of Student 5.

Click the checkmark icon or press the Return key to finish. Numbers will then automatically calculate the average grade for that particular student and display it within the highlighted cell.

Next, I will show you how to calculate the total grade of each student using a slightly different method to the one demonstrated above.

Enter a heading (optional) and then type = in a cell of your choice to display the Formula Editor.

Select SUM from the Functions sidebar and then click Insert Function.

Tip: As you can see, the Functions sidebar includes many different types of formula. Highlighting a formula will display a description of what each formula can do along with an example.

Hold the Command key on your keyboard whilst highlighting the data you wish to calculate. This will display the formula =SUM(B7+C7+D7).

Click the checkmark icon or press the Return key to finish. Numbers will then calculate the total grade of that student and display it within the highlighted cell.

## Create a Chart

Once you have finished crunching numbers, you can then create a graphical representation of your data by inserting a 2D, 3D or interactive chart into your spreadsheet. Here's how.

### Step 1: Highlight Data

Highlight the relevant data by clicking and dragging the cursor.

### Step 2: Select a Chart

Click Chart and then select a chart type from the menu.

Your selected chart will then be inserted into your spreadsheet and may be edited further by pressing Edit Data References. Reposition the chart by clicking and dragging it to your desired location.

Formatting captures the reader's attention and will transform a dull-looking spreadsheet into something a little more sophisticated.

### Step 1: Change Table Style

Select a table style from the Format sidebar situated on the right-hand side of the application. Your spreadsheet will then switch to the style that you have chosen.

### Step 2: Add a Title

Double-click the title to modify.

Edit the appearance of the title via the Format sidebar.

### Step 3: Edit Font

Click the Table Font Size icon to increase or decrease the font size.

Change the font used in your spreadsheet by highlighting the entire table, clicking the Font drop-down menu and selecting a new font from the list.

Change the colour of your chosen font by selecting a new colour from the palette.

Highlight and click Left, Centre, Right or Justify to align data.

Highlight and click Bold, Italics, or Underline to emphasise data.

Click File and then Save to save your work.

Enter the desired name of your document in the Save As field, add a tag (optional) and then choose a location in which to save your file. Click Save.

Share your spreadsheet with a different platform or application by exporting it to another format to ensure that it can be read.

Click File, Export To and then choose an option from the menu. For this tutorial, I am going to export my spreadsheet to PDF, although you can also export to Excel, CSV or a previous copy of Numbers.

Click Image Quality and select either Good, Better or Best.

Choose a location to save your document and then click Export.