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When you want to format text in Microsoft Word, you can do it manually, by selecting font, size, color, alignment and other attributes, but you’ll often find it easier to apply formatting with styles. A style is a mixture of formatting that you can apply over and over, like paint. You can use and modify Word’s built-in styles, and you can also create your own.
There are several advantages to using styles in Word:
- Consistency. You’ll be sure that all the headers, subheads, paragraphs and tables have the correct formatting.
- Speed. It’s faster to apply a style than to apply all the formatting separately. And if you need to change some formatting – like font size – you only have to change the definition of the style to change the formatting of all text that’s tagged with the style.
- Navigation. Styles are automatic bookmarks. When you enable the Navigation Pane, you can click headers and subheads in the pane to go to that spot in the document.
- Tables of Contents. With just a few clicks, you can insert a table of contents using the built-in heading and subheading styles. (See my tutorial for this feature at http://computers.tutsplus.com/tutorials/how-to-create-a-table-of-contents-in-microsoft-word--cms-20705.)
For the most part, styles work the same in the Windows and Mac editions.
You can follow along using your own document, or if you prefer, download the zip file included for this tutorial. It contains a document called Lunar Laser Ranging.docx, which is a public domain research paper, and it also contains a test document called Merging Styles.docx. Start this tutorial with the Lunar document on your screen.
Applying Built-In Paragraph Styles
Word has two basic types of styles:
- Paragraph styles. They apply to a minimum of an entire paragraph, and contain paragraph formatting (alignment, indents, etc.) and character formatting (font, color, etc.).
- Character styles. They can apply to as little as one letter, and contain only character formatting.
Before applying any styles, go to the View tab in Windows and enable the Navigation Pane. This will display the built-in heading styles for navigating through the document.
For the same functionality on the Mac, click the drop-down arrow next to the Sidebar button and select Document Map Pane.
Go back to the Home tab, and notice the Style section on the right. (If the window is narrow, the section will just be an icon.) Click inside the title of the document at the very top (“Lunar Science and Lunar Laser Ranging”); there’s no need to highlight anything. Roll the mouse pointer over some of the styles to see a preview, then click the Title style to apply it.
The Title style doesn’t show up in the Navigation pane, but the Heading styles will appear nested under it.
Click inside the first heading just below the title (1 Introduction), then click Heading 1 in the Style area. Not only does the text get formatted, but Introduction shows up in the Navigation pane. You can also use the keyboard shortcut: Ctrl-Alt-1 (Windows) or Command-Option-1 (Mac).
Scroll down through the document and apply Heading 1 to the remaining first-level headings:
- 2 Lunar Science
- 3 New Retroreflectors on the Moon
- Summary and Goals
Go back to page 2, then start applying Heading 2 to the subheads (the first one is “Fluid Core Moment of Inertia”).
Each header that gets formatted appears in the Navigation pane, nested below a Heading 1 item.
Modifying a Built-In Paragraph Style
This is where the convenience of using styles comes into play. To modify the formatting of all the text formatted as Heading 1, there’s no need to select each line of text and apply the formatting individually. The easiest way is to reformat one of them, then use that to update the style. That will modify all the other headers tagged as Heading 1.
Select one of them and change the font, size and color. Also insert a left-justified tab at ¼” (click inside the ruler). The header should look something like this:
In the Style section, right-click Heading 1, and from the pop-up menu, select Update Heading 1 to Match Selection.
Now either scroll down through the document to see the other
Heading 1 items, or just click them in the Navigation pane. They all have the
If you want to practice this again, update the Heading 2 style.
Creating and Applying a Character Style
If you want to format recurring text inside a paragraph, use a character style. You can do this with the Styles panel.
In this document, there are two images, labeled “Fig. 1” and “Fig. 2”. We’ll format just those labels. Select “Fig 1 (a)” and make it bold italic. Leave the text selected, and in Windows, click the Down Arrow in the lower-right corner of the Styles section to display the Styles panel. In the lower-left corner of the panel, click the New Style button.
On the Mac, there is a separate icon on the ribbon for the Style Manager, and is immediately to the right of the Styles section. The New Style button will be clearly labeled at the top of the panel.
In the New Style dialog, give it a name of Figure, set the Style Type to Character, then click OK.
The style name is now listed in the panel and in the Styles
section in the ribbon bar. Notice it has an “a” icon, indicating that it’s a
Apply it: select the “(b)” in the caption, then click the Figure style name in either the panel or ribbon to apply it. Scroll down, then apply the style to “Fig 2”.
Using Your Styles in Another Document
If you want to use the modified or custom styles in another document, you need to bring them in. The easiest way to do this is to copy and paste formatting.
Switch to Merging Styles.docx. Notice it has plain, unformatted text.
Go back to the original document, click in the title, then click the Format Painter on the Home tab.
Switch to the other document, then select the Title placeholder. It now matches the
Lunar document. Repeat the process with the Heading 1, Heading 2 and
Figure styles. You can also use the
keyboard shortcuts for the Format Painter: Ctrl-Shift-C (Windows) or Command-Shift-C (Mac) to copy formatting from selected, original text, and Ctrl-Shift-V (Windows) or Command-Shift-V (Mac) to apply formatting to the new text.
you can see why styles are so great: it’s faster to apply a style than it is to
apply multiple formatting attributes, there is much less chance of human error,
and document navigation is automatic. Also, when you change the look of a
style, all text formatted with that style will change immediately. And the
easiest way to use modified or custom styles in another document is to paste