### Connectivity Searches

Two great keywords that show connectivity are the link and related keywords. The link keyword will show what pages link to a particular page. For example:

link:amazon.com

The related keyword will show what sites are similar to the one you specify. Who is to say what qualifies as being similar? Who knows! The algorithms are proprietary. For example:

related:amazon.com

If you visit a page that doesn’t have content that you’re expecting to see – for example, a news item is no longer on the front page – Google might have it cached. So try the cache operator to see what the site looked like the last time Google crawled it:

cache:computers.tutsplus.com

### An Operator That Combines All of the Above

Rather than remember all the above operators, you can remember just one, instead: info. When you run info against a web address, you’ll get a menu of operators that you can click to get the results. For example:

info:computers.tutsplus.com

## Filtering Results

Sometimes, you might want to see only recent results, or results from a specific time period. After running a search in Google, click the Search Tools link just below the Search bar, then from the submenu that appears, click Any Time and make a choice. In Bing, Any Time is always visible just below the Search bar, and Yahoo has timings in the left column.

Also from Google’s submenu, you can choose a reading level from All Results, and choose a location on the right. Google will try to detect your location automatically, but it doesn’t always guess correctly. It tends to use the location where your Internet provider’s equipment is. If you want to change the location, click the Down Arrow and enter the location you want. Entering a Zip or Postal code usually works.

### Page Title, Content and URL

If you want to search for words specifically in a page title, and ignore page content, use the intitle keyword. For example, if you’re looking for articles that compare Android with iOS, try this:

intitle:android AND iOS

If you’re searching for multiple words and want results where all of the words are in the title, not just some of them, use allintitle instead.

The opposite of searching titles is searching page content and ignoring the title. For that, use the intext keyword, as follows:

intext:android AND iOS

Keep in mind that many pages will have the same phrases in the titles and content, so many of the results from the previous two searches will be the same.

You can also search for a word that appears in a page’s URL, with the inurl keyword, like this:

inurl:photoshop

When searching for multiple words, you can also use allinurl to make sure that all the words or phrases are in the URL.

Google also has similar keywords specifically to search blogs. They are:

• Inblogtitle
• Inposttitle
• Inpostauthor
• Blogurl

### Finding Files of a Specific Type

With the filetype keyword, you can restrict search results to display a particular type of file, like image or archive files, or Adobe and Microsoft documents. For example, if you want a sample expense sheet in Excel and don’t like Excel’s built-in templates, this search will find some for you:

expense sheet filetype:xlsx

### Weather

Need a quick weather forecast? Use the weather keyword and Zip or Postal code to get current conditions and a graph for the next several hours:

Weather 08822

### Definitions

You can also get a quick dictionary definition, using the define keyword. It isn’t as extensive as using dictionary.com, but it’s a lot faster. For example:

define:solenoid

## Math, Measurement and Language Conversions

If you need to do some quick calculations or convert measurements from one unit to another, Google and Bing have you covered.

### Basic Arithmetic Searches in Google and Bing

Examples:

• 1035 + 698
• 317537 – 1517
• 256 * 768
• 105/39

When you enter a calculation into the Search/Address bar, both Google and Bing will display a handy calculator. You can click the buttons or use the numbers on your keyboard. If your keyboard has a number pad, this is especially nice.

### Converting Between Imperial and Metric Units

If you’re converting a recipe from Imperial to Metric measurements (or vice-versa) or converting distance, temperature, weight and more, you can do this with a simple search in Google or Bing. Most units you can abbreviate (like g instead of grams or oz instead of ounces).

Examples:

• 2 cups in ml
• 500g in oz
• 200 miles in km
• 80F in C

Similar to doing arithmetic, when you search for a unit conversion, Google and Bing will display a conversion calculator, with your search displayed in it. Click the top drop-down list to choose different types of conversions (temperature, length, etc.) and click the lower drop-downs to choose different units.

### Language Translation

Google can translate in and out of approximately a dozen languages. How do you say “wind” in Spanish or what does the French word "suivant" mean? Run these searches:

wind in Spanish

suivant in English

## Other Cool Features

Here are some great tips that don't fit into other categories.

### Flight Status

Want to check the status of a flight? Just search for the airline and flight number. Google will show the flight status, and if the flight is currently in the air, you’ll see its relative position, as in the screen capture below. Bing will show basic departure and arrival information. For example:

United flight 1

### Six Degrees of Kevin Bacon

If you want to know how many degrees of separation there are between almost any actor and actor Kevin Bacon, do a bacon number search in Google, like this:

Harrison Ford bacon number

The answer to that particular query is 2.

### Tracking Packages and Searching Other Numbers

Google has information on package deliveries from the United States Postal Service, UPS and FedEx. The tracking numbers for these services use different formats, so you don’t have to specify which one you want; just enter the number like this:

1Z1234X12345678

Doing a patent search? Use the patent keyword followed by the patent number:

patent 5889566

Google does several other alphanumeric searches that don’t require a keyword. Just enter the numbers to search for:

• Zip code
• ISBN
• VIN (Vehicle ID number)
• FAA airplane registration number
• Phone number

### Search Mars and Beyond

This isn’t a search as much as it’s an undocumented feature, courtesy of NASA as well as Google. Just go to:

…and have a look around! The default view is a false-color elevation map, and you can also choose infrared and real-life visible surface. There’s also an option to explore Mars using Google Earth.

Once you’ve conquered Mars, try your hand – or bat’leth – in Klingon. Yes, Google has a Klingon language version at: